Text: Andrea Beu) „The skin is only safe from UV rays from two meters underwater. (Photo: dpa) In the next few days, the sun should burn down mercilessly from the sky.

Text: Andrea Beu) „The skin is only safe from UV rays from two meters underwater. (Photo: dpa) In the next few days, the sun should burn down mercilessly from the sky.

and fought – like the teachers still today – for the correct spelling. He created the spelling dictionary named after him; …… the first edition, the „“ Ur-Duden „“, appeared in 1880 and contained 27,000 headwords. A lot has happened since then, the scope has steadily increased – what’s different in the 28th edition and in it for the first time? One of the newly added words that don’t seem so new to you is beard oil. Today, many men are wearing beards again want to be cared for, ……

Barbers are booming – that’s why beard oil belongs in the Duden. One would have expected green roofs in the Duden for a long time, too – but the term has been re-included, and the word bee-friendly. It stands for a planting, be it in the garden …… or on the balcony, with which bees can do something, so not like in the gravel garden (the term is not yet in the Duden, by the way, but everyone now knows what it means is meant.) In a close context: the death of insects. One could have suspected for a long time in the Duden, but it is new. Battling (from the English battle, not to be confused with begging) and haten (from the English hate) have been included, as well as the requirement to receive a receipt, which has been in effect since January 1, 2020 which appears to many as an annoying mess of paper is included. Likewise binge-watching – „“ hours of watching several episodes of a series in a row „“.

Certainly this occurs more frequently than usual in Corona times. Speaking of Corona – …… the Corona pandemic is already reflected in the new Duden edition. In the form of terms like ……

Chain of infection, respirator, Covid-19, …… traceable or social distancing. In the dictionary of German spelling …… there are also many new words that come from English, but have passed into our linguistic usage. Including: Brexiteer, …… so the Brexit proponent (s), …… or the craftbeer, suitable for the beard oil hipster. Craftbeer (alternatively craft beer) stands for „“ in a smaller brewery, handcrafted brewed beer „“. And what is a grandchildren’s day? A day when grandparents spend time with their grandchildren. Sometimes hotels or organizers advertise discounts or special offers with the term grandchildren’s day. Another new word in the Duden is a phenomenon of our time that appeared before the travel restrictions due to Corona: flight shame, i.e. the feeling that arises when you have a guilty conscience has to pollute the climate when traveling by plane. From there it is not far to the newly included term climate crisis, which …

Crisis that is triggered by man-made climate change through the emission of greenhouse gases, this is how the Duden editorial team describes it. The youth movement, which is committed to the fight against the climate crisis, runs under the term „“ Fridays for Future „“ – It was included in the new Duden. The term plastic-free also falls into the environmental protection area: More and more people are trying to reduce the flood of plastic waste by using packaging, drinking straws, shopping bags, etc. without plastic – plastic-free earlier, in the pre-plastic era, and also …… the joint has been known for a long time – as …… hemp cigarette it is now finding its way into the new dictionary. People have been smoking weed for a long time – and still do. Quite the children of our time and therefore also newly included: the influencers …… and influencers, according to Duden, people „“ who are particularly well-known and influential in social networks „and certain advertising messages, opinions, etc.“ convey. There is often a lot of hype around them – the verb hypen is new in the Duden, i.e.adoption argumentative essay to cheer something up or make it big. Then a „“ Hyper, Hyper „“! Another internet phenomenon that can also be found offline: Hatespeech, now in the Duden.

The same goes for the hate comment, which is much more relaxing, also popular with athletes: the fascia roll. With the help of the rigid foam roll, the fasciae, which are part of the connective tissue, are to be massaged. And what does the newly adopted term helicopter mean? This is what helicopter parents do: …… like a helicopter circling over their children, overprotective and monitoring. A well-known phenomenon that the Duden editors found worthy of exposure, but the Duden editors not only record, they also sort out, as mentioned. This time, among other things, this includes the maiden wreath. In the online dictionary, however, this term – another word for bridal wreath – still appears, with the addition „“ obsolete „“. The term baker’s boy is just as obsolete, he is thrown out. ….. the baker’s apprentice stays. It is similar with the hunting men: the hunter man goes, …… the hunter stays. Oh, the demonstration lady leaves the printed Duden, …… today we tend to say model , Photo model or mannequin – where ……

Mannequin is also no longer so common. The Hackenporsche – already widespread and in use, especially by seniors, who save themselves the heavy hauling. But the paper Duden no longer lists it. And it also sorts out the telephone connection – In times …… when everyone is using their mobile phones and many of them don’t even have a landline connection, there is no longer any room for the telephone connection in the printed Duden. Finally, something friendly: ….. the wink smiley (both correct) is re-recorded. (Text: Andrea Beu) „The skin is only safe from UV rays from two meters under water. (Photo: dpa) In the next few days the sun should burn down mercilessly. Does it have a lot of power in summer? Does it reach ours Body also under water? And: do we get tan after a sunburn? A fact check. In our planetary system everything revolves around them: The sun shines permanently and strongly.

In summer we feel it even more intensely, but in the sea we feel safe from it. What is it? Claim: You don’t get sunburn in water. Rating: Wrong. Experts warn of a dangerous combination of sun and water. (Photo: dpa) Facts: UV radiation hits the body even one meter below the surface of the water. According to experts, 80 percent of the long-wave UVA rays arrive there, causing premature skin aging and wrinkling.

Of the short-wave UVB radiation that typically causes sunburn, it is 50 percent. To prevent the dangerous rays from reaching the skin, you have to dive deeper. „“ At least two meters, „explains dermatologist Reinhard Mrotzek. If you swim with your head above the waves, you should even be careful.

Like a mirror, the surface of the water amplifies UV radiation by 50 percent. Medical institutes such as the British National Health Service (NHS) warn of the dangerous combination of sun and water: Due to the cooling effect, one often does not notice when the skin is burning. Mrotzek advises intensive sunscreen lotion, and headgear is „“ a good idea „“. Claim: Sand also reflects the sun.

Rating: That’s right. Facts: be careful! It’s easier to get sunburned not only in the water, but also on the beach.

Light sand reflects the light and increases the UV radiation by 25 percent, explains Mrotzek, who is a member of the professional association of German dermatologists. Anyone who lies unprotected in the sand directly by the water is putting their body at increased risk. Incidentally, the same applies to a visit to a glacier. The snow there intensifies solar radiation by up to 90 percent.

If you want to protect your skin from damage, you should definitely avoid the blazing midday sun in summer – between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. Experts advise being outdoors in the early morning or late afternoon – this is especially true by the water. Sunburn is always an inflammation of the skin and can cause permanent damage. (Photo: picture alliance / dpa) Claim: After a sunburn you get a lot tanner.Rating: Wrong.Facts: „“ This is absolute nonsense „“ says dermatologist Mrotzek. Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that resembles a first-degree burn or more. Dermatologists warn of permanent damage if the sun is unprotected. According to Mrotzek, a total of 300,000 new skin cancer cases are expected in Germany in 2020. The UV index (UVI) shows how dangerous the sun is for the skin in every region of the world.

The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the index with other institutions. The scale ranges from 1 to over 10. The higher the value, the faster sunburn occurs. In Germany, UVI values ​​of a maximum of 8 are usually achieved in the summer. Claim: When it is cool, the sun does not burn so strongly. Evaluation: False. Facts: As in water, the same applies on land: Cold does not protect against dangers, either on windy days. Dermatologist Mrotzek: „“ It doesn’t matter whether it’s cold or warm, the UV radiation is the same. „“ The decisive factor is the time of year and day – and thus the position of the sun.

The so-called skin-active radiation reached a power of almost 200 milliwatts per square meter on June 21 at noon on a clear day. On a cloud-free December 21 at noon, however, it is less than 10 milliwatts.

In addition to reflections from the water level or snow, the altitude also has an influence on the radiation. The effect of the sun increases at 1000 meters by 20 percent, at 2000 meters by about 33 percent and at 3000 meters by 50 percent compared to the intensity at sea level. Source: ntv.de, Marc Fleischmann, dpa „Mund-Nasen- Protection made of fabric must be washed regularly at at least 60 degrees. (Photo: imago images / Robert Poorten) The sense of wearing simple mouth and nose covers made of fabric is still debated. For proponents, this could even prevent a second wave of infections. For critics, they are real germs that could even make you sick. What’s wrong? When wearing simple mouth and nose covers in the Corona crisis, opinions are divided in Germany. Some no longer leave the house without it, others on the other hand, they feel restricted in their personal rights by the mask requirement and still others simply wear their mask half-heartedly under their noses.

Even researchers do not seem to agree on the question of the mask requirement, because so far there is a lack of scientifically reliable data. For this reason, they have to fall back on what they observe – and that, in addition to the other well-known hygiene measures, clearly speaks in favor of a mask requirement in public transport, shops and restaurants. But you can also go wrong with putting on and taking off, wearing and caring for mouth and nose covers made of fabric. ntv.de explains it is enough to wear the mask under your nose.

Not correct! Regardless of whether it is self-sewn or as a disposable version, the mouth and nose protection must, as the name suggests, be worn over the mouth and nose. „If you pull the mask under your nose, you don’t even need to put it on,“ says hygiene expert Dr. An interview with Georg-Christian Zinn. Covering is intended as a virus barrier.

The material is supposed to intercept larger droplets containing viruses when speaking, coughing, sneezing or even when exhaling. This is to prevent the infection of other people, especially if the distance of 1.5 meters cannot be maintained. It is also important to wear suitable mouth and nose covers – they should neither be too big nor too small.

A suitable mouth and nose protection extends from the root of the nose to under the chin and lies well against the face. A mask that does not fit properly not only allows viruses to escape, it is also touched and adjusted more often by the wearer. But this increases the risk of infection.

Since the mask requirement will most likely remain for some time, anyone who is not yet satisfied with the fit of their current mouth and nose cover should try different models until the best variant is found. However, when choosing one, you should make sure that the mask is washable at 60 degrees. With a mask you inhale too much CO2 from your exhaled air This argument is very popular on social media. It is often combined with a doctoral thesis from 2005.

In this, the „“ rebreathing of carbon dioxide when using surgical masks as a hygienic face mask on medical professionals „“ was examined. The doctoral student at the time, who examined the wearing of two models of surgical masks for 30 minutes during her research, came to the conclusion that the carbon dioxide concentration in the blood was increasing, but not to the extent that it would be caused by the increase in the Breathing rate needs to be balanced. A decrease in oxygen saturation in the blood could also not be detected by wearing the masks.

These study results could not be confirmed by similar results in other studies since the publication in 2005. In fact, wearers of all masks breathe in part of their inhaled air again, because between the mouth and the mask there is only a small cavity, known as the dead space, confirms the pulmonologist Dominic Dellweg to this discussion and at the same time gives the all-clear: The dead space is so small that it is neglected could be. Wearing masks can only be problematic for people with previous illnesses and small children, the doctor continues. The Munich Clinic is also positioning itself on Facebook with a number of facts about carbon dioxide. One reads: „“ Doctors and nurses have always worn masks in the operating theater, in the intensive care unit or in areas with high-risk patients, sometimes for an entire shift without causing damage. „“ Masks can spill germs.

Correct! However, this is only due to incorrect handling of the cloth mouth and nose cover or the incorrect feeling of security that one gets from wearing it. Incorrect storage or handling of the fabric mask, sharing it with another person or even improper care can lead to the mask itself becoming a real health risk. The advantage of mouth and nose covers made of fabric is in contrast to disposable masks: They can be used several times and are therefore more environmentally friendly.

It is important that they are made of a fabric that can be washed at at least 60 degrees Celsius. Sars-CoV-2 and other pathogenic germs are only eliminated at this temperature. Moisture, for example, is a good breeding ground for certain pathogens. Fabric masks that are worn over a long period of time become damp through exhalation.